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Austria (officially the Austrian Republic) is located in the center of Europe. The name translated from the Old German language means "eastern country". The capital is Vienna.
In the north it borders on the Czech Republic, in the northeast - with Slovakia, in the east - with Hungary, in the south - with Switzerland, Italy and Slovenia, and in the west it neighbors with Germany and Liechtenstein.
The national flag of Austria consists of three horizontal stripes. The top and bottom stripes are red and the middle one is white. The flag of Austria is considered to be one of the oldest flags in Europe.
German is recognized as the state language. Austria is subdivided into 9 lands - all of which have fairly broad autonomy.
The population is 8.1 million people (almost 90% of the population is Austrians), of which approximately 80% adhere to Catholicism. Time is two hours behind Moscow time. The currency used is Euro.
Myths about Austria
The red color of the Austrian flag symbolizes blood. And not just blood, but the blood of patriots, which they shed in the name of freedom and independence of Austria. And the white stripe between the two red stripes symbolizes freedom itself (for which the blood of the Austrians was shed), received by the people after the overthrow of the autocracy. By the way, according to one of the versions, the white stripe denotes the Danube River, which crosses Austria eastward.
Austrian "whining". A famous saying about Austrians who often complain about life and still know how to enjoy it. They understand this perfectly, and they themselves even laugh at this "peculiarity" of theirs.
The Viennese speak only German. This is a misconception. So erroneous that Germans who come to Vienna have great difficulty understanding what the townspeople are trying to convey to them.
Austria is the most musical country. And its center - Vienna - is also the capital of the classical direction in music. Today, the Vienna Philharmonic, the State Concert Hall and the State Opera have no competitors among theaters and concert halls around the world.
Vienna schnitzel is the most popular dish in Viennese cuisine. Veal is used for its preparation - it is fried in an egg and breadcrumbs. In general, the food that the Austrians prepare is very satisfying. They often prepare meals using animal parts such as kidneys, lungs, and other viscera.
Austrians love order and cleanliness very much. There are even jokes about this quality. The Austrian is very sensitive to the improvement of his home, to his family.
It is not correct to ask an Austrian about his personal life. It is not customary to inquire about marriage or family matters in Austria. You cannot even come close to the interlocutor (closer than the distance of an outstretched hand) - it is considered that you are invading his intimate zone.
Austrians are punctual. And in this capacity they are very similar to the Germans. Do not tolerate delays. If a person is late, for example, for a meeting, by only five minutes, then they will make him feel very uneasy - they will closely and silently consider how he prepares for the meeting, or they will ignore him for some time! This is how the Austrians teach their non-punctual colleague to order.
Austrians are independent. And besides, they are very educated. Therefore, specialists are rarely called in (for example, to repair a crane).
Austria is famous for its lakes. More than a thousand lakes in the southern province of Austria, and about fifty lakes in the Salzkammergut resort region reflect mountain ranges. The climate is mild. The Lake District is a treasure trove for true nature lovers as well as water sports enthusiasts. So there are all the possibilities for a good rest.
Austria cherishes the traditions of the Middle Ages. Numerous tourists come to this country, including out of curiosity, to learn something new and interesting for themselves. In Styria and Carinthia, the tourist will have the opportunity to get acquainted with a large number of medieval castles. Even the life of the Austrians is saturated with ancient customs, not to mention festivals and holidays. Naturally, the traditions of hospitality are also preserved.
Austria celebrates New Years and Christmas according to European standards. This is not entirely true. For example, a holiday tree does not enter the owner's home. Not because the Austrians do not like an elegant beauty, but because they dress up a green tree right in the yard. Thus, it symbolizes protection from all sorts of troubles, which does not allow to get through the door!
Austria is almost the only country in Europe that preserves its national costume (and uses it for its intended purpose). This (as well as many other things) is the patriotism characteristic of all Austrians.
The festive atmosphere remains in Austria all year round. In addition to public holidays, all large cities have their own traditions and customs, which will definitely not get bored.
Ski resorts in Austria are some of the best in Europe. For winter sports lovers, this country has truly ideal conditions. Thousands of kilometers of ski slopes and thousands of kilometers of cross-country skiing tracks (and this is in 9000 regions of the country!).
Apres ski - life on the slope. If we consider the concept of Apres ski in a broad sense, then it includes traditional beer, and mulled wine, and punch in between skiing, and the whole life in a ski resort. Everything here is collected for the coziness and comfort of lovers of winter sports activities.
The Austrians start preparing for the wedding long ago. Here it should be borne in mind that a real wedding is not a civil painting in a special institution, but a wedding day. Meetings with a priest, sometimes even with a doctor, the very preparation for the event - all this takes more than a week.
Future newlyweds choose their own gifts for the wedding. And they do not just choose, but make a list of gifts necessary for themselves, carry it to the best city store and tell all those invited its address. They come there and buy a gift for the newlyweds! Thus, guests do not just provide them with the necessary things, but the possibility of receiving the same gifts is excluded. Isn't it great?