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Champagne is a sparkling grape wine saturated with carbon dioxide as a result of secondary fermentation of specially prepared and processed wine material in hermetically sealed bottles or tanks. The increased content of carbon dioxide in champagne causes the wine to foam and play when the bottle is opened.
Champagne got its name from the province of Champagne (France), where it was first prepared in the middle of the 17th century, and the process of saturating the wine with carbon dioxide by secondary fermentation is called champagne. According to French law, champagne is a sparkling wine obtained only in Champagne and only by the bottle method (sparkling wines from other wine-growing regions of France are called mousseaux).
For the production of sparkling wines, wine materials obtained from special grape varieties are used. Champagne wine is carried out by the bottle method, as well as reservoir - periodic and continuous.
Champagne is distinguished according to the sugar content: brut (up to 0.3%), the driest (0.8%), dry (3%), semi-dry (5%), semi-sweet (8%), sweet (10%). Bottled champagne is labeled "aged".
Champagne is a low alcohol drink ... Many people think that champagne is a low alcohol drink, in which there are very few degrees. In fact, this is not the case. Suffice it to recall another name for champagne - sparkling wine. And any wine, as you know, gives a pronounced intoxicating effect. In champagne, it is even more noticeable due to the content of carbon dioxide. Its bubbles facilitate the absorption of alcohol. That's why your favorite New Year's drink hits your head pretty quickly. It becomes fun, easy and free. But this is only after the first two, maximum - three glasses. Then there are more severe stages of intoxication. Therefore, do not underestimate champagne by classifying it as a low alcohol drink.
Champagne is any sparkling wine ... Only sparkling wine produced in France, in the Champagne province, has the right to bear the patented name - "Champagne". According to the Versailles Treaty, this term was approved solely for reasons of wine classification as such, and only then, the National Institute of Original Names - registered champagne as a trademark protected by law. For example, in Italy sparkling wine sounds like - "spumante", in Spain - "Cava", and in Germany - "Sekt". In this regard, Russia has taken the path of least resistance. This is either the use of the term as a secondary name, like "Russian golden" semi-dry champagne, or by adding a participle phrase - "Soviet champagne". However, real champagne is made only in Champagne!
Champagne - does not give a hangover ... One of the most severe hangover syndromes is given by champagne. In this respect, sparkling wines outperform most spirits. The reason for this is the sparkling wine, in other words, the huge content of carbon dioxide. This explains one interesting fact. People who like "exhausted" champagne get drunk more slowly, and they feel better than those who follow the canons of drinking. According to them, sparkling wine should be drunk immediately after the foam settles. After all, the main taste properties of champagne are determined precisely by its "game". But it is she who gives the champagne negative qualities. One of them is the ability to cause severe hangovers.
Champagne is like wine, the longer, the tastier ... If the main indicator of the quality of wine is its aging, then with champagne things are a little different. According to the rules for the production of sparkling wines, only wine that has passed the 18-month aging period is allowed for sale. Unlike traditional wines, champagne contains carbon dioxide, for this reason, champagne has a so-called expiration date, during which the wine will correspond to its taste as much as possible. Many collectors buy champagne from the same year, but taste in different time periods. What's most interesting is that the flavoring bouquet of the drink varies considerably. Of course, to feel this, you have to be a real connoisseur of wine ...
Champagne - contains special bubbles ... Many have probably noticed that when champagne is poured, some of the bubbles seem to "stick" to the walls of the glass. The fact is that real champagne glasses have inner walls with a microscopic embossed layer. All for such a specific mission. Agree, it's nice to watch how the bubbles, making their way through obstacles, eventually break free.
Champagne is a safe drink ... The "play" of champagne determines its other negative property. We are talking about an irritating effect on the digestive tract. Gas bubbles increase acidity, so drinking champagne on an empty stomach is undesirable. In this case, the appearance of unpleasant sensations in the stomach is simply guaranteed. Due to the stimulation of gastric secretion, champagne is not recommended for gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
Champagne is a low-calorie drink ... Almost everyone thinks so. Moreover, there are even champagne-based diets. One of them involves the consumption of fresh fruit, which must be washed down with sparkling wine. Such a diet does not stand up to scrutiny. The fact is that any alcoholic drink is energetically saturated. Sparkling wine is no exception. Sweet and semi-sweet varieties of the drink are considered the most nutritious.
Champagne is good for the heart ... This statement applies in part to any alcohol. It prevents the "overgrowth" of blood vessels and an increase in blood pressure. Champagne has the same effect. In this regard, red wine is much healthier.
Champagne is exclusively a bottle of 0.75 ... The most common options for containers for champagne are bottles of 0.75 liters. - standard or 1.5 liters. - magnum. Although this does not mean that manufacturers are limited to these two options. There are at least more than 10 types of bottles. Interestingly, some are named after biblical characters:
Quart (quart, split or piccolo bottle) - 187.5 or 200 ml, used mainly by airlines and nightclubs
Half - 375 ml, used in restaurants
Bottle (Bouteille) - 750 ml
Magnum - 1.5 L
Jeroboam - 3 L
Rehoboam - 4.5 L
Methuselah - 6 L
Salmanazar - 9 L
Balthazar - 12 L
Nebuchadnezzar - 15 L
Cupronickel (Melchior) - 18 l
Solomon - 25 l
Primat (Primat) - 27 liters
Melchizedek - 30 L
Champagne is exclusively a wedding and New Year's drink ... In general, champagne is a triumphant drink. First of all, this is due to the property of the cork departure and the subsequent foam shower. I am convinced that many have probably seen how the winning athletes arrange a victorious salvo of champagne. The first who applied this idea in practice was the racer Dan Garney. It was he who in 1967, having become the winner of a series of auto races, opened the bottle presented to him in hearts and made an enchanting fountain of this aristocratic drink. Gradually, the tradition passed first into the class of racing competition, and only then became an all-encompassing attribute of champions. Do not forget about the "launching" tradition, which applies to "rigid hulls". The bottle must break the first time! Although for many of us, champagne is still a premonition of the New Year!