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Chocolate (from Mexican "choco" - cocoa and "latl" - water), a mixture of cocoa with sugar, vanilla and other spices. To make chocolate, roasted cocoa beans are ground into powder, which, when mixed with sugar (approx. 50%) when heated, turns into a thick semi-liquid mass. The mass is pressed and cast into tiles.
Chocolate is also prepared with milk (milk, Swiss). Chocolate, whether dry or brewed as a drink, is a good nutritious and easily energizing substance. There have always been debates about the dangers and benefits of chocolate. One can only guess why chocolate fell into disfavor - a product included in the NZ of military pilots, included in the field diet of military personnel and orbital nutrition for astronauts.
Chocolate can be addictive. Chocolate is not addictive. True, chocolate contains certain chemical ingredients, such as theobromine and methylxanthine, which are present in both tea and coffee and in a certain way "spur" our body. There is quite a bit of caffeine in chocolate. Theobromine, which, in principle, can cause an addiction resembling a drug, is also so little that a real addiction can arise only in someone who eats at least 400-500 grams of chocolate a day for some time. As for the cannabinoids found in chocolate, substances that resemble marijuana in action, to achieve any noticeable effect, you must eat at least 55 bars.
Chocolate is exciting. Chocolate really stimulates the cardiovascular and nervous system and has a slight stimulating effect on the human body, since it contains caffeine and theobromine. Therefore, it is better to avoid excessive consumption of chocolate, especially at night.
Chocolate is a source of energy. True. Fats and sugars, which are abundant in chocolate, are the main providers of energy for the body. The magnesium and potassium contained in it are essential for normal muscle and nervous system function. Carbohydrates provide energy that is readily available and quickly burned, while the fats in cocoa butter are absorbed more slowly and provide the body with energy for a longer time. Therefore, chocolate is good for children, as well as for those who play sports.
The bulk of the calories in chocolate comes from sugar. The main calories in chocolate are fat. More than 50% of the caloric composition of chocolate is from fat, and only 40% from sugar.
Chocolate is not a nutritious food. We know that chocolate is high in sugar, fat and calories. But few people know that it also contains vitamins A, B1, B2, iron, calcium, potassium and phosphorus, and in some varieties of chocolate there is more than an apple, a glass of yogurt or a slice of cheese, that is, in products that traditionally considered beneficial to health.
Chocolate is bad for your teeth. A study by MIT scientists shows that it is also wrong that chocolate is bad for teeth. Cocoa powder, which was added to the food of animals, did not cause caries. Moreover, it rather slowed down the onset of this disease when added to substances that are cariogenic.
White chocolate is healthy, while milk and black chocolate are harmful. This is actually not true. Dark dark chocolate without any fillings or additives is the healthiest one. It contains antioxidants that bind free radicals. A piece of chocolate is a great way to recover from physical activity, during which the body produces a lot of free radicals. At the same time, dark chocolate contains significantly less fat than milk and white, and, according to nutritionists, the least harmful, since it contains more cocoa beans than sugar. Well, the most harmful is the so-called milk chocolate, in which cocoa beans are combined with cocoa butter and milk powder, not to mention the additional joys in the form of nuts and raisins. Anyway, everything that is said about the beneficial properties of chocolate refers specifically to the bitter bar.
There are pimples from chocolate. This is perhaps the most common myth regarding chocolate. In the late 1960s, American physician Fultau and his colleagues proved that this was not the case. Over the course of several weeks, they fed several dozen teenagers with such quantities of chocolate that the children simply became ill. In this case, the group of subjects was divided into two parts: one was given real chocolate, the other - an imitation that looked and tasted exactly the same as real chocolate. Chocolate didn't cause any acne. Of course, it is possible that some of the ingredients in chocolate, reacting with other chemicals, can contribute to acne, but these are special cases, not the rules. Neither sugar nor chocolate are the "great pimples" that word of mouth made them.
Eating chocolate leads to excess weight. True, but only partially. Chocolate is indeed a high-calorie food, but the main sources of calories are milk and glucose. Chocolate carbohydrates are readily available, break down quickly, and are consumed just as quickly. Indeed, when consumed in excess, carbohydrates can be stored as fat, but when consumed in reasonable amounts can be part of a healthy, balanced diet. (One Spanish women's magazine even offered its readers a chocolate diet, which included 3 cups of thick cocoa and 100 grams of dark chocolate a day. We do not recommend losing weight in this way, nor even giving up your favorite sweets.)
Chocolate (like coffee) contains a lot of caffeine and nothing healthful. This is a misconception: there is only 30 mg of caffeine in one bar of chocolate, and 180 mg in a cup of coffee. Besides, cocoa butter (like any vegetable oil) does not clog the arteries, but on the contrary, lowers the level of bad cholesterol, thereby reducing the likelihood of blood clots. And also chocolate is one of the sources of copper, which is necessary for maintaining immunity; it contains many vital trace elements such as magnesium, iron, phosphorus.
Chocolate is good for the heart and blood vessels. Cardiologists have found that the polyphenols contained in cocoa beans have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. They promote more efficient blood flow, thereby reducing stress on the heart. There is also a belief that cocoa improves the immune system. For medicinal purposes, it is better to use only high-quality varieties of dark chocolate.