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Cosmetics (from the Greek kosmetike - the art of decorating) is a teaching about the means and methods of improving a person's appearance. Cosmetics began to be used in ancient times. At first it was associated with cult rituals, with the help of cosmetics, a warrior, a leader was distinguished. The prototype of modern cosmetics is creams or ointments made from animal fat. The preparation of cosmetics was mainly carried out by priests, whose recipes were kept in deep secrecy.
Cosmetics can be divided into hygienic, medical and decorative. The main means of medical and hygienic cosmetics are various types of physiotherapy (massage, water, thermal procedures). They serve to protect the skin from the adverse effects of climatic factors. And in the doctor's office, medications (hormones, vitamins) are used. The means of decorative cosmetics include powder, lipstick, mascara, blush, shadows, hair sprays. Cosmetics must be tested in laboratories and clinics, and only after permission from the relevant authorities can they get on the shelves of specialized stores.
All women want to look great. To do this, they use cosmetics, which, in their opinion, can keep the face and body youthful longer. The myths about the use of cosmetics and their miraculous effects have arisen a long time ago. Let's try to figure out which of the myths presented correspond to reality.
One of the most effective treatments for acne is through "spot" treatment. Blackheads take about a week to form under the skin. While you will "spot" treat pimples that are visible on the skin, you do not pay attention to those that will appear in a few weeks. In order to prevent the appearance of acne or acne, doctors recommend comprehensive treatment that will help stop their further appearance.
Cosmetic products stop the aging process. To date, there are no products that can completely rid you of wrinkles. Over time, the bones of the face become denser, the amount of subcutaneous fat decreases, as a result of these changes, the skin becomes more flabby. The use of the cream cannot suspend these processes. The World Health Organization prohibits the inclusion of drugs in creams that can really somehow change the structure of the skin. In order to regain youth, it is not enough for you to use only creams, since they are not able to tighten the skin, and only surgical or cosmetic procedures can help you.
To preserve youthfulness of the skin, you should start using an anti-wrinkle cream as early as possible. It is very fashionable to fight aging lately. So, according to the observations of analysts, cosmetics that protect the skin from aging are used not only by women with mature skin, but also by very young girls. Although cosmetologists believe that conventional moisturizers with a UV filter are quite suitable before the first wrinkles appear. Products designed to combat aging skin, when applied to a young surface, are likely to cause irritation and allergies. This cosmetics stimulates the production of elastin and collagen in the body, but for young skin it is fraught with the fact that, under the influence of these external stimulants, it can stop the independent production of these necessary substances.
Over time, you will be like your mother. It is believed that as you age, your skin will age similarly to your mother's. Of course, genetics have a significant impact on the structure, type and color of skin. But in the process of reshaping your skin, not only genes play a role, but also how you care for it. Ultraviolet rays have the greatest effect on the skin, alcohol, unbalanced diet, smoking, and insomnia also have a negative effect. The combined effect of the above factors leads to the appearance of new wrinkles, acne, changes in the structure of the skin, the appearance of age spots.
It is advisable to use moisturizers daily. In fact, if you don't feel dry and tight on your face, then you don't need to apply a moisturizer. It has not yet been proven that when using a moisturizer, the skin stays youthful longer and does not lose its shape. It is best to moisturize your skin not with creams, but from nutria. To do this, you need to drink the amount of liquid necessary for the body. If your kidneys are functioning properly, it is better to drink more water than less. Creams and toners only maintain the level of moisture that the skin already has.
It is advisable to use only time-tested means. Over time, your skin changes texture and tone. And what worked for your skin before may simply not work. With regular use of the same product, the skin becomes accustomed to the ingredients that it contains, although it may not be enough for completely different ingredients.
It is advisable to choose all cosmetics from one manufacturer. Any manufacturer, willy-nilly, pushes us to the idea that the maximum effect for solving various problems can be achieved only with the interaction of the means of one line. But there are certain skin types for which all products from one company may not be suitable. Therefore, any qualified cosmetologist will say that there is nothing wrong with combining various cosmetics from different manufacturers. If only there was a positive effect!
If your skin is very sensitive to a new cosmetic product, then stop using it again. If you have a reaction to one of the ingredients in one cosmetic composition, this does not mean that it will react in the same way to a different cosmetic formula. Many of the nutrients can irritate the face. If you do decide to use a cream that contains substances that irritate your skin, apply it gradually so that your skin gets used to it. Apply the cream in small amounts and after three to four days.
Only dry skin needs hydration. This is not true, and the reason for this myth is that people do not distinguish between terms. Dehydrated and dry skin are two different concepts. Both dry and oily skin may need water. And surprisingly, oily skin needs more water. When we remove shine from oily skin, we simultaneously erase the protective layer that helps to maintain normal moisture levels. It is worth remembering that water and fat do not replace each other and no matter what type of skin you have, it needs hydration.
The easiest way to moisturize your skin is to rub it and sprinkle it with water. It would seem that what could be easier? But in fact, sometimes this leads to the opposite result, since any water that we use to wash our face contains a large amount of salts that settle on the surface of the skin. Only "dermatological water", which is released in sprays, can help you, it moisturizes your skin, without any bad consequences for it.
There is nothing better than a scrub for cleaning contaminated skin. According to experts, the opposite is true. No one denies the benefits of using a scrub, but it is recommended to use it no more than twice a week. This tool is quite aggressive on the skin, damaging the stratum corneum. Many women, in an effort to get rid of acne and grease, as well as improve their complexion, use a scrub every day, eventually achieving a completely different effect than they expected. With such exposure, the skin, reacting to unnatural exposure, tries to protect itself by producing even more horny particles, which will lead to both a violation of the complexion and irregularities on the skin. Overly cleansed pores of the face, having decided that the skin begins to dry out, will begin to produce sebum more actively, while constantly being in an enlarged and clogged state. The safest way to use the scrub is to use it in special beauty salons, where after the procedure, its application will calm the skin and protect it with special means. In this case, its protective layer will be restored. However, such skin cleansing is not recommended more than once a month.
Only using water can the skin be effectively cleansed. Having easily irritable and sensitive skin, it is advisable to abandon the use of piped water, or to minimize it. But you can always find an alternative to water, especially since the modern cosmetics market offers a wide range of lotions and tonics that can be used by owners of very sensitive skin.
It is unacceptable to independently carry out mechanical cleaning of the face. The main barrier to facial cleansing is the lack of the necessary tools and equipment. In a specialized salon, the fight against pimples and skin pollution will be carried out much more professionally and effectively. However, today a complex of professional cosmetics is freely sold, which includes means for preparing, cleaning, disinfecting and restoring the skin, using them, it is possible to effectively cleanse the skin at home. But the mere purchase of high-quality cosmetics does not mean success in such an undertaking; if you are in doubt about your abilities, you should turn to professionals.
Facial massage stretches the skin and wrinkles appear. In order to really stretch the skin, anyone, even a high-class massage therapist, will have to make every effort, while violating the integrity of the tissues. Therefore, usually the actions of massage therapists are aimed at tightening the skin, smoothing wrinkles and generally improving blood circulation. Of course, you can fall into the hands of a bad specialist, therefore, if you feel irritation or some unpleasant sensations after the procedures, it is better to change the masseur.
Rubbing with ice cubes is good for the face. One cannot categorically disagree with this myth, but still there are several drawbacks. Such procedures help to improve the condition of the skin, tone and soothe it. But you need to know when to stop, when instead of pleasant sensations, you feel numbness of the skin, it means that you have overdone it. Another disadvantage is that not all of these procedures are useful. If you have erythrocuperosis or weak blood vessels, you should avoid using ice to wipe your face.
Sea salt will help solve any skin problem. Some people believe that a bath with the addition of sea salt can replace the SPA procedure so popular today. The most effective way to please your skin is to go to the sea and dip in sea salt. To achieve a good effect at home, you must follow some rules. The time of taking a sea salt bath should not exceed 15 minutes, and the water temperature should correspond to your body temperature. It is recommended that after taking such a bath, rinse under clean water, which will wash away the remaining salt. Remember to moisturize your skin with a special cream or lotion.
Natural cosmetics are good for your skin. This myth is aimed at the category of people who do not perceive any recent scientific advances. They prefer natural cosmetics and strive to the forest. They believe that the less scientific advances are used to grow a particular plant, the better. But even such people can be deceived with the help of advertising, which assures us of the naturalness and naturalness of the product. Indeed, under all the beautiful names and contents, these are nothing more than chemical nomenclature formulas, simply written in an accessible language.
To strengthen and grow eyelashes, petroleum jelly and castor oil are used. In fact, there are no ingredients in petroleum jelly and castor oil that help strengthen and grow eyelashes. The only beneficial effect the oils listed above can give is softness and shine. To achieve the effect of voluminous eyelashes, it is better to use a specially designed high-quality mascara.
Using makeup is bad for your skin. Applying makeup does not affect your skin in any way as long as you use high-quality, long-lasting cosmetics. Healthy skin is not afraid of cosmetics, and how good the skin looks depends largely on the hereditary factor, ecology, and, of course, age.
Eyebrows and eyelashes can be dyed with the same color as the hair. In no case do not use a dye that is intended for dyeing hair, like a dye for eyebrows or eyelashes. There is a high likelihood of going blind, as hair dyes, unlike mascara and eyebrow pencil, are not tested for eye safety.
If the product we buy says “dermatologically tested” it means that the product cannot cause allergic reactions or irritation. This is not true, since who can be sure that when this product was created, the dermatologist was in production and monitored this process. Be mindful of the products you buy to care for your body.
If the product says "not tested on animals" it means that the product and its elements have not been tested on animals. It is possible that the product was not really tested on animals, but its components were tested. The bottle may say "more than one animal was not harmed", since the company has not tested this product on animals recently, but in the distant past, they could be carried out.
Do not apply night cream, let your skin breathe freely while you sleep. Recently, it has been proven that the most effective results for the regenerative processes in the skin occur at night, which proves the need for applying a night cream. Before applying the night cream, you need to get rid of the dust, dirt and cosmetics that have accumulated on your face all day. And especially your skin needs a night cream during winter, when the central heating radiators are working in the room, which dries the skin, and it needs additional moisture.
Any food that contains alcohol will dry out your skin. Many who see alcohol in the composition of any cosmetic product believe that the product will dry the skin. But in fact, alcohol has a large number of areas where it can be applied. Hardly anyone knew that vitamins A and E belong to alcohol elements. Alcohol can have the functions of a solvent, an antioxidant.
Face toners are completely unnecessary. But this is not so, it is advisable to use a tonic every day. They are suitable for everyone, regardless of skin type, and should be applied after every facial cleansing. It serves as the final element in the cleansing process. The tonic has the following properties: moisturizes, softens, tones, soothes the skin, reduces the effect of hard water, restores the necessary pH balance. Don't forget to use toner not only for your face but also for your neck.
There are special creams that can get rid of cellulite forever. But, unfortunately, for most women who suffer from this disease, such creams have not yet been invented. It is important to determine the stage of the disease.All anti-cellulite creams have only superficial effects and can only improve the condition of the skin. Weight loss programs are now provided in modern beauty salons or specialized clinics. And they are really more effective than anti-cellulite creams. During this program, toxins, excess fluid, toxins are removed from the body, and the structure of the skin is improved. Unfortunately, for the complete disappearance of unwanted pounds, one such procedure will not be enough.
The foundation dehydrates your skin. Of course, this is not so, because the fats that go into the composition of the foundation protect the skin from drying out. Also, the silicone and lipids included in the composition protect the skin from external adverse factors.
There are no night and day creams - this is just a clever trick of advertisers and marketers. Night and day creams differ, first of all, in the principles of action, and not only in the color of the box. Daytime products seek to protect the skin from external factors, the effect of night creams is more aimed at restoring and nourishing the skin when a person is sleeping. At the same time, there is no significant emphasis on protecting the skin, for example, from UV rays.
The skin quickly gets used to cosmetics, so to be effective, you should periodically change the set of products. This myth is only partly true and only for creams with a hormonal basis, which, by the way, are prohibited for use in Russia. Speaking of certified products, beauticians, on the contrary, should adhere to the once chosen cream, if its use is effective. The longer you use it, the more significant the effect will be.