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Marijuana is a narcotic substance obtained from a variety of hemp with the highest content of psychoactive substances. There are quite a few versions of the origin of the name, the main one can be considered a relationship with Portuguese mariguango (heady).
The use of marijuana as a psychoactive substance goes back 5 thousand years. In ancient India and in the countries of the East, the use of this agent was widespread as a therapeutic agent, as an analgesic, anticonvulsant and antiemetic. Nowadays, marijuana has become widespread, becoming part of the hippie movement in the 60s.
This substance, although considered a drug, is classified as a "lung". Nowadays, more and more calls are heard that marijuana should be legalized, which, by the way, is done in some countries. However, there are also opponents of this substance who base their "attack" on many myths.
Marijuana is harmful and scientifically proven. Earlier, in the 70s, it was believed that marijuana was harmless, but today there is a different point of view. Back in 1972, the National Commission on Marijuana and Addiction came to the conclusion that although this substance cannot be called completely safe, its danger is overstated. Since then, thousands of studies have been conducted, involving both humans and animals, as well as simply cellular structures. And no new differences from the results presented then were found. In 1995, the editors of the English medical journal "Lancet" came to conclusions based on thirty years of scientific observations - smoking marijuana cannot harm health, even in the long term.
Marijuana is medically useless. There are many more effective drugs, such as a synthetic version of THC sold in the United States under the name Marinol. Research has shown that marijuana is effective in reducing chemotherapy-related nausea in cancer treatments. In AIDS patients, appetite is stimulated, and in glaucoma patients, pressure decreases. There is evidence that marijuana can reduce muscle spasms in people with neurological disorders. As a result, the doctor may even prescribe a synthetic capsule, although the patients themselves note that this remedy is not as effective as smoking marijuana. As a result, pure THC can cause psychoactive side effects that will not occur with the natural product. It turns out that many people today use marijuana for medical purposes, despite its illegality. Although there is a risk - for this there is the possibility of arrest or a fine.
Marijuana leads a person to physical dependence, as evidenced by the long-term experience of users. Often they need professional drug treatment to get rid of the addiction. In fact, most people only occasionally smoke marijuana. In America, for example, a small minority smokes this herb every day - less than 1%. Dependence on such a habit is developed in an even smaller number. Therefore, we can safely say that many people can quit smoking at any time without any difficulty. Yes, some also seek help from drug addiction treatment facilities. There is no physical dependence on marijuana, and if any symptoms are experienced during hobby, then they are quite mild.
Marijuana is a kind of "gateway", after which people quickly start using heavier drugs (cocaine, LSD, heroin, etc.). This is not true, marijuana use does not lead people to use hard drugs. Today, marijuana is the most popular drug in the United States. It is she, and not other, strong means. Therefore, people who use less popular and hard drugs can also use marijuana. But most marijuana lovers have never used other illegal drugs. For them, marijuana is the end product of use.
The liberal regime assumes no responsibility for the availability of marijuana and its use. The punishments are conditional, so no one goes to jail, which only contributes to the popularity of the drug. Between 1991 and 1995, the number of marijuana-related arrests doubled. In 1995, over 1.5 million people were arrested for similar offenses. Of these, 85% were arrested just for possession of a prohibited substance. Currently, tens of thousands of people are in prisons for this. The fines, confiscated property and deprivation of a driver's license are even greater, and there are those who are dismissed from their jobs. However, despite this fight against it, marijuana remains readily available and widely used.
The legalization of marijuana in Holland is simply due to the fact that the government simply could not deal with it. Local law allows this product to be purchased, sold and used, which has led to an increase in its use, especially among young people. The country's policy on this substance is one of the most liberal in Europe. For over twenty years, cannabis (marijuana and hashish) has been available here to be bought and used by anyone over the age of eighteen, but only in government regulated cafeterias. It turned out that this policy did not in the least lead to a sharp increase in the use of marijuana. As a result, for most age groups, the dynamics of drug use in the Netherlands is comparable to that in the United States. But teenagers in a European country are more responsible for using marijuana than in America. The overwhelming majority of the Dutch population supports the policy of their current government, which is aimed at normalizing consumption. There is no drama in society from legalization. Although the authorities periodically review the existing policy on soft drugs, the main emphasis is on decriminalizing the distribution and use of such drugs.
Marijuana kills brain cells. Using these tools constantly, over time, you can disrupt the structure of the brain and its functions - there will be memory lapses, cognitive failures, personality impairment and decreased performance. Many tests have been conducted to determine the effects of marijuana on the brain. But none of them have shown any harm from this drug, even in the long term and with high doses. Thus, studies were conducted on early brain damage in rhesus monkeys after six months of exposure to high concentrations of marijuana smoke. Later, additional research was carried out - monkeys were given the equivalent of four to five marijuana cigarettes daily for a whole year. No signs of abnormality were found in the animals' brains. This myth was born out of one speculative report, which sounded back in the 70s, but the statement was not supported by any scientific evidence.
Marijuana is the cause of the Amotivational syndrome. The user becomes passive, lethargic and loses interest in the future. Students who use marijuana, on the other hand, lose their academic performance, reducing their productivity. For another twenty-five years, researchers tried to find amotivational syndrome, but they could not find it. If people are intoxicated, then whether they use any drugs or not, they will lose productivity and motivation. But with regard to marijuana, there is no such evidence - there is simply no loss of energy and determination. Laboratory studies were carried out in which even higher doses of the drug were used, but no signs of a decrease in efficiency, productivity and motivation were found. There are many adults who use marijuana, but they do it well and receive high salaries. Likewise, college students who use marijuana are no different from their peers. In the middle grades, however, there was even an increase in academic performance from the "acquaintance" with this soft drug.
Marijuana impairs memory and leads to loss of knowledge. Under the influence of the substance, people lose the rationality of their judgments. The constant use of marijuana leads to mental illness. It is undeniable that marijuana induces immediate but temporary changes in thinking, presenting, and processing information. This noticeably affects the entire cognition process. However, in the course of laboratory experiments, it was proved that subjects under the influence of marijuana can easily remember everything that they knew before. But later, problems arise with the perception of new information and the recollection of it. But this effect is observed only for a short period of intoxication. As a result, there is no conclusive evidence that long-term drug use will lead to an overall memory loss or impairment of cognitive function.
Marijuana is fraught with irreversible mental illness. When drunk, people behave inappropriately and inconsistently. And on this issue, there is no scientific evidence that marijuana causes psychological trauma and leads to this kind of disease in adolescents or adults. Some people develop disorders during which they can experience feelings of punks, anxiety and paranoia. While these experiences can be quite frightening, they are temporary. When very large doses are used, the onset of a temporary toxic psychosis is possible. But such cases are rare, and even then - when using marijuana for food. Marijuana does not lead to any profound changes in people's behavior.
Marijuana is the cause of crime. Under its influence, many crimes are committed, people in general only from use become cruel and aggressive. The link between crime and marijuana has been studied not only by scientists, but also by government commissions. The conclusions were clear - marijuana is not the cause of crime. The overwhelming majority of users of this light drug do not commit any crimes, except perhaps for possession. For those people who are prone to committing crimes, marijuana does not play a causal role. Plus, studies in animals and humans have shown that marijuana reduces aggression rather than induces it.
Marijuana affects both male and female sex hormones. Therefore, for women, this is fraught with infertility. In adolescents, however, a violation of sexual development is possible. Men can become feminine, and women masculine. And again, it should be said that there is no evidence to support this myth. In studies conducted on laboratory animals, when using high doses, some sex hormones were actually produced less, reproduction was impaired. But in human studies, it has been proven that marijuana has no effect on sex hormones. Disruptions are possible, but research shows that they are temporary and not systematic, and there are no negative consequences for reproduction. Also, there is no evidence of how exactly marijuana can delay sexual development or turn men into women and vice versa.
Using marijuana during pregnancy can seriously harm the fetus. Prenatal drug exposure leads to the development of malformations in babies, with growing up the problems will only worsen. As a result, the health and well-being of the next generation is at risk as many pregnant women use marijuana. Of course, a pregnant woman should be as careful as possible about her and her future baby's health. However, studies of both newborns and infants, children, have shown that there is no relationship between their activity and development associated with prenatal exposure to marijuana. Marijuana does not have any significant effect on birth, duration of pregnancy and neurological development, or the occurrence of physical abnormalities. Hundreds of tests have been done on older children and found no difference. There are only a couple of unconfirmed cases associated with disruption in the endocrine system in children. However, the overwhelming truth is on the side of statistics, and medicine has nothing to hide here.
Marijuana use compromises the immune system. As a result, users are at greater risk of infections, including AIDS. Marijuana lovers are especially susceptible to HIV, as they already have a weakened immune system. There is no evidence that users of this drug are more susceptible to infections in this case. It is also unknown that marijuana reduces resistance to sexually transmitted diseases. Early studies did show that marijuana users had reduced immune function in their cells, but this finding was later refuted. While it is true that animals under the influence of excessive amounts of marijuana are susceptible to AIDS, for humans this statement has not been proven. Even for those people who already have a weakened immune system or AIDS, marijuana is relatively safe. However, not so long ago, a link was discovered between tobacco smoking in general and lung infections in AIDS patients, which requires further study. But in this case, suppression of the human immune system is not associated with the use of marijuana.
Marijuana is more harmful for smoking than tobacco. Marijuana smokers are at greater risk of lung cancer, bronchitis, and emphysema. Smoking such a drug in medium volumes poses minimal danger to the lungs. This smoke, like tobacco smoke, contains a number of carcinogens and irritants. However, marijuana smokers do it much, much less often than cigarette lovers, and as a result, much less smoke is inhaled. Consequently, the risks of lung disease are much lower. There has not been a single case of lung cancer associated solely with marijuana. The American Torocal Society conducted research in 2006 that showed that even large amounts of marijuana smoking did not increase the risk of lung cancer. As a result, heavy marijuana smokers, unlike their tobacco counterparts, do not show any susceptibility to lung disease. Consequently, emphysema cannot develop in this case.
Marijuana, along with its active ingredients, ends up in the body fat. Since these substances leave the body slowly, their psychoactive effect can last for days or even weeks after use. The special persistence of the preservation of substances is observed in the brain. Many active drugs enter the body through fat cells. THC, the narcotic constituent of cannabis, is released from the body slowly. As a result, traces of marijuana can be found in a person for several days or weeks after taking the substance. But already a few hours after smoking, the amount of THC in the brain drops to such a concentration that it no longer affects the human psyche. The presence of THC does not affect fat, the brain, or any other organs.The most important consequence of the slow excretion is that THC can be detected in human urine, tissues and blood for several days after ingestion, without any harm.
Marijuana use can lead to major car accidents. Just like alcohol, it reduces psychomotor function by impairing your ability to drive. Marijuana inevitably leads to an increase in the number of deaths in road accidents. There is no conclusive statistic to prove how marijuana contributes to road traffic crashes and deaths. Sometimes the use of this drug can affect perception and psychomotor performance, which will affect the ability to drive a vehicle. However, unlike alcohol, which encourages risky driving, marijuana makes you drive more carefully and slowly. Examinations of fatally injured drivers have shown that if there is THC in the blood, then alcohol is always present as well. For a small number of people, marijuana can actually be the vehicle that leads to an accident, but marijuana plays an extremely small role among the common causes of road traffic accidents.
Marijuana is often the cause of accidents. This suggests that this substance is much more dangerous than people realize. Marijuana is not a cause for overdose deaths. It is simply that there has been an increase in the number of people in hospitals mentioning their addiction to marijuana. Based on this, statistics are built on the relationship of patients with the substance, however, the previous medical history is discarded. In addition, many adolescents who use marijuana do not use other, heavier drugs such as heroin and cocaine. Yes, and among drug addicts, clients of hospitals, it is customary to mention that they still use "only" marijuana, and not heavier drugs. Speaking of the number of crimes, we can name a figure - only 2% of the total number of drug-related incidents in 1994 are related to marijuana.
The use of marijuana can be limited. Anti-drug programs and education led to a drop in use in the 80s. Since then, efforts have waned and the use of marijuana has increased again. Changing and tightening the laws can stop human experiences with marijuana. And who exactly guarantees that anti-drug slogans diminish the interest of young people in the forbidden fruit? As a result, this media fight against drugs in schools can make illicit substances even more attractive. Indeed, the 1980s saw a decline in interest in marijuana and a new growth in the 1990s. This happened despite the protest of young people in the United States against anti-drug programs. In some other countries, educational programs are aimed at reducing the harm associated with marijuana among young people experimenting with drugs.