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Freemasons are a secret movement that originated in the 18th century. Freemasons have their own symbols and rituals. The literal translation of this name is "free mason". Freemasonry exists in the form of lodges - groups of up to 50 people, united geographically. The very topic of "free masons" is still of interest to philosophers, historians, culturologists, and ordinary people. Masonic lodges traditionally included the most influential people, and the aura of mystery around the association gave abundant soil to myths, some of which will be discussed in detail below.

The whole world is ruled by a secret Masonic organization. This myth is already several centuries old, soon after the appearance of the Masons, rumors began to circulate that they were the true rulers of states. However, here is what Mr. Beletsky wrote to the Minister of Internal Affairs in March 1916: “In Russia, freemasonry is mainly practiced by the leaders of extreme right-wing organizations. they present the Russian public with fabrications drawn from the absurd works of French blackmailer writers ... Now the Masons are not at all concerned about the war, but the protection of the rights of free trade in alcoholic beverages and the protection of the interests of innkeepers from the tyranny of the military authorities. For them, it is a matter of life or death ... "Obviously, at that time the Russian masons did not care about the authorities; in fact, they were pseudo-philosophers, chatterboxes, concerned about their material benefits. It will be interesting for everyone to know the name of the chief Mason, who, logically, rules the whole world. In 2004, the Frenchman Alain Duman became the Emperor of the order, earlier it was Claude Tripet, and before that Gerard Claude Wilden. Maybe you know Robert Ambellen or Theodore Royce? The last known leader of Freemasonry was Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1881. And these are the secret masters of the planet? It is interesting that within Freemasonry itself, several branches are distinguished, which simply do not obey the Emperor, and are also constantly at odds with each other for influence and finances! At the same time, inside the branch itself there may be a complex management system, for example, in the United States there are two Supreme Councils. Regular Freemasonry, which is a union of other lodges, really has representatives of the English nobility at its head, but in fact the affairs are being conducted by an imperceptible "acting" who, moreover, changes every 2 years, which in no way correlates with the governance of the world. And there is no single structure in Freemasonry, like a pyramid. There are too many ordinary members of the lodges to form any kind of government - there are more than 4 million of them in the USA alone. Modern Freemasonry is rather a social club in which people communicate, discuss problems, make appointments. Modern society is quite a complex structure to manage with medieval systems.

Freemasonry is the same religion. Often in the minds of Freemasonry appears as a specific kind of religion, even a certain Masonic church is mentioned. Although for some it is not a church, but a sect, by the way, Pope Clement XII also believed. Religion requires faith in God, and Freemasonry requires candidates to believe in the Great Architect of the Universe without specifying this concept. The "free masons" themselves interpret their organization as a secret union, which is higher than parties, religions, nationalities, etc. Freemasonry, unlike religion, does not imply leading any particular way of life outside the lodge. Reading their prayers is not an attempt to interact with God, there is no concept of worship and sacrifices. Religion relies on mystical experience, and Freemasonry does not say anything about this, does not promise improvements in life for observing rituals. Masons believe that a person must certainly develop spiritually, but everyone chooses the place and methods of searching for secret answers for himself. Most Masons do not accept atheism. It is interesting that you cannot combine two religions, but it is quite possible to be a Freemason and a Christian. Most American Masons are Christians. Masons, by the way, include the leaders of Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists and other churches. The bishops-Masons themselves say that their activity in the lodges does not in the least interfere with the church. An important difference from the church is that there is no spiritual hierarchy in Freemasonry. There is a staircase of steps, but the owner of the 33rd step is not higher than an ordinary member. There is a line of subordination associated with systemic positions, but it is constantly changing. So the holder of the lower degree, being the head of the lodge, may well lead the master of the higher degree. Thus, Freemasonry includes certain parts of religion and sects, in fact, they are not - spiritual life, partial faith in the afterlife, mystical values. This is due to the fact that, after all, the lodges of masons do not separate themselves from the mainstream religions.

Freemasons worship the devil. Such a myth is constantly fueled by anti-Masonic sources. Recently, more and more in sight are the sects of Satanists, usually consisting of adolescents, who are not so much looking for secret knowledge as showing themselves in a state of alcoholic or drug intoxication. So is there anything in common between them and respectable people? According to semi-legendary history, Freemasonry traces its history back to the Order of the Knights Templar, who were originally military monks who protected pilgrims. Over time, the order grew to become an order of major landowners, bankers, diplomats and scientists. Over time, by the way, the order began to carry out its secret diplomatic activities, while even having connections with the Assassins, colleagues from the East. Under their patronage in construction, the free masons' guild was born. However, in 1307, the order was defeated by King Philip IV, who did not want to share his power. On the courts of the Inquisition under torture, and there was evidence of the secret worship of the knights of the idol Baphomet. But it is still not clear what the word itself means, no object of worship of the Templars has been found. Freemasonry in a form close to the modern one appeared at the beginning of the 18th century, but there was no mention of its connection with the devil, and it is not surprising, because representatives of the English nobility entered the box. But stories about the worship of Masons to Satan originated in the 19th century in France, and this was due to the decline in interest in the Catholic Church in connection with the development of science. Therefore, a real enemy was needed, and everyone was tired of talking about a conspiracy of the Jews for a long time. The Masons themselves, as already mentioned, believed in the Great Architect, without specifying him in any way. It is difficult to believe that major political and public figures saw in him exclusively Satan. It is interesting that initially the word Lucifer was actually present in Masonic rites, but it meant only a deity who gives light. This concept appeared in spite of the church, the rumor about this was quickly multiplied by the church, and therefore a new concept was introduced instead - Prometheus. The essence has not changed, but there is no longer any connection with Satan. Today, in general, rituals use the wording "giver of light" in order to avoid interpretations. By the way, it is worth noting that the origins of the Masonic rites in many respects lie in the Old and New Testaments, other sacred books, so that, accusing the Masons of Satanism, all believers can be equally accused of this sin.

Freemasons help each other like mafia clans. Opponents argue that by joining a lodge, a person takes an oath to obey only his brothers in the order, who may well use a person at their own discretion. Indeed, for a Mason there is no fatherland, his Motherland is the whole world. By the way, is it surprising that people help each other at all? You can't blame people just for the opportunity and desire to help? I wonder how these assistance mechanisms are implemented. If in the Middle Ages secret signs and whole rituals for their exchange were developed, then in our time a Freemason travels abroad, being supplied with a special passport or certificate. But a similar system exists in other international organizations. If Freemasonry is perceived as a corrupting element for the life of the country, then it is strange that the states where the Freemasons are the most influential are rich enough. If we assume that some kind of struggle is being waged, including against Russia, then why have there been no successes from the activities of this "powerful" organization for so many centuries? It must be said that since the beginning of the 19th century in the West, lodges have emerged that just set themselves the goal of helping their members. Within the organization, exclusively everyday matters were discussed, the brotherhood itself had distinctive signs and solemn rituals. Subsequently, largely thanks to their activities, modern trade unions appeared. For example, the Order of the Maccabean Knights included up to 200,000 members, and its members wore a magnificent uniform, reminiscent of the outfits of Freemasons and Templars. Over time, the order became an ordinary insurance company. You can remember the Knights of Pytheas, the Order of Labor and many others. So how did the Masons differ from them? Only by the presence of a semi-mystical component? Already since the 18th century, structures of mutual assistance have been formed in the West, it is not surprising that such a phenomenon has appeared in the Masonic lodges. Perhaps the success of Western civilization is due to the fact that a person in trouble was given a second chance.

It is the Freemasons who kindle revolutions. First of all, the role of the Freemasons in fomenting the Great French Revolution is mentioned. The origin of this myth is associated with the place of imprisonment of Louis XVI - the Temple of the Temple, where the leadership of the ancient Order of the Templars was once located. From there, the king was taken to execution, just as five centuries before that Jacques de Molay, the last grand master of the order, was taken to the execution. The circle seemed to be closed. Rumor has it that during the execution, someone sprinkled his hands with the blood of the king and exclaimed: "Jacques de Molay, you are avenged!" It's just not clear if the revolutions were carried out by the Freemasons, being descendants of the Templars, then why did they themselves suffer because of the events? If before the revolution in Paris there were 67 lodges, then during it there were only 3. The fact is that in French Freemasonry most were aristocrats who did not need social upheavals. Of course, some of them followed new ideas, but many paid with their lives. It is interesting that Freemasonry traditionally shies away from politics; conversations on this topic are prohibited in the lodges. A prominent Russian freemason, Baron Reichel, wrote: "Any Freemasonry that has political forms is false; and if you notice even a shadow of political views, connections and dissolution of words of equality and liberty, then consider it false." Consider the events of the Russian revolutions of 1917. It is argued that practically the entire composition of the Provisional Government consisted of Freemasons. However, in fact, only Kerensky, Nekrasov and Konovalov in the first composition were members of the masons' lodge. Nekrasov himself later wrote about the role of Freemasonry in the February events: "... I will say right away that hopes for him turned out to be extremely premature, so powerful mass forces entered the business, especially those mobilized by the Bolsheviks, that a handful of intellectuals could not play a big role and fell apart themselves under the influence of the collision classes ". The October Revolution was organized by the Bolsheviks, who themselves, as representatives of the intelligentsia, expressed the interests of the poorest strata. So, the absolute majority of the leaders of the Bolsheviks had no connections with the Masons. Trotsky's interest in Freemasonry is mentioned, but the works of the revolutionary on this topic have been irretrievably lost. Freemasons participated in both American revolutions and the Decembrist uprising, but it is impossible to confirm that it was they who kindled the revolution.

Freemasonry appeared in Russia along with Peter I. First of all, Freemasonry is a secret order, therefore it will not be possible to find out the whole truth about it, especially since it is hidden in the depths of centuries. If we talk about operational Freemasonry, which directly included builders and architects, then it appeared in our country back in 1040 together with Anthony the Roman, who, according to legend, which is curious, sailed on stone. When it implies the penetration of Freemasonry into Russia, they mean operational Freemasonry, which is not directly related to construction. Allegedly, after visiting London in 1698, Peter I was admitted to the box by the Englishman Christopher Wren. The president of the lodge was Jacob Bruce, and Peter himself was the second officer. According to another version, Lefort was president.
However, according to official sources, the history of Freemasonry in Russia dates back to 1731, when Captain John Philips was approved by the Grand Provincial Master of Russia. And already in 1740 the Englishman Keith became the Master, but he was completely Russified by that time. The first Russian lodge, called "Silence", was formed in St. Petersburg in 1750, the development of Freemasonry was spurred on by Catherine the Great's interest in it, however, short-lived. However, there are also ambiguities here. The fact is that the establishment of the Grand Lodge in 1731 implied the presence by that time of at least three provincial ones, otherwise what was united? In addition, it is logical to assume, knowing the structure of the lodge, that the number of masters at that time should be at least 100. So, nevertheless, the countdown is from Peter? Scientists tried to find some documents about how Peter joined the order, but they did not find anything. Of course, perhaps the papers were simply destroyed by the Nazis, who were known as ardent fighters against the Freemasons, and the archives themselves are rather closed and confusing. However, Peter often traveled incognito and could well join the lodge under an assumed name, for example, Alekseev. The following reasoning speaks in favor of the version about Peter the Freemason. The tsar was looking for technical achievements, trying to attract scientists and engineers to Russia. And, being a Freemason, and not just a wealthy savage, he could use the connections among the brothers to achieve his goal. As you can see, Peter achieved what he wanted. The position of the Second Officer is also important - it was just suitable for a royal person who did not want to burden herself with managing a lodge. In the same place, Peter could well play a significant role, without sinking into the routine chores of organizational work. So the version about the Second Officer gives strange credibility to the myth. The history of the creation of the Bronze Horseman monument to Peter is also interesting in this regard. The fact is that the sculptor Falconet insisted that the horse stand on the stone, arguing that Peter means "stone". A huge stone was transported from afar, and on the way of sculptures suddenly decided to finish the stone. It is curious that the stone is also one of the symbols of Freemasonry; it would have been symbolic to put the first Russian Mason on the stone. But the finishing of the stone indicates that the soul of the person who entered the box has already been processed, but an uncouth stone would indicate that a person is just getting ready to join the ranks of the Masons, his soul is still unbridled. Many would like to see more obvious symbols of Freemasonry on the monument. For example, George Washington stands with a trowel and an apron near the Masonic altar. Where is it more obvious? But it would be naive to dress the king on horseback in an apron, but the gesture of his right hand clearly speaks of the sign with which the box is opened.And the original monument to Peter was very similar to the monument to Washington.

Mozart entered the Masonic lodge, he was killed by his own brothers. The last completed work of the composer was a cantata dedicated to the consecration of a new Masonic temple. Mozart himself was a member of the Crowned Hope lodge, and an active one. At a time when the composer was experiencing a lack of money, it was the brothers who helped him, giving him the opportunity to earn extra money as an accompanist of the lodges. There are also many versions of the death of the composer, including the Freemasons. According to one of the versions, Mozart, after composing the opera "The Magic Flute", which tells about the struggle between Christianity and Freemasonry, thought about real values ​​and decided to organize his own "Cave" lodge. The Masons did not like the idea of ​​creating a rival organization and with the help of Mozart's friend Stadler, they poisoned the composer. One can argue against this version that Stadler was quite close to Mozart, he even composed a concerto for clarinet and orchestra for him, postponing the important Requiem for him. According to another version, the composer was sacrificed by the Freemasons, since in The Magic Flute he revealed the secrets of their rituals. The Requiem was commissioned by the Masons to Mozart, as if the message that he was chosen by the victim. However, common sense says that Mozart wrote only music, and the libretto, that is, the text itself was written by another freemason - Schikaneder, who in turn borrowed the plot from the German Wieland. It is interesting that neither one nor the other suffered from the Freemasons, although they were the ones who were involved in revealing the secrets of society. And the reasons for the death of the composer are unclear. On November 8, 1791, Mozart conducts at the opening of the church, and after 2 days he becomes ill, as a result of which he dies on December 5. There are more than a dozen assumptions about the causes of death, poisoning at the hands of Salieri is only the most famous of them. The circumstances of Mozart's death suggest that he was poisoned with mercury, but by whom? An interesting version is that the composer could have been killed with the tacit consent of the authorities for his connection with Freemasonry, which, with its free ideas, and even against the background of the French Revolution, undermined the state foundations. In general, we can say for sure that the Masons played a significant role in the life of Wolfgang Amadeus, and he actively communicated with them, but historians still cannot establish the exact reasons for the death of Mozart, the motives of his poisoning (and poisoning?).

The "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" expose the Freemasons. Freemasonry itself appeared relatively recently, for the first time a person who was not associated with construction was admitted to the lodge in 1600, but talk of a Masonic conspiracy appeared only 200 years later. It turns out that for two whole centuries no one knew about the conspiracy? It is believed that the French Revolution was the result of a conspiracy by the Freemasons to take revenge on the French kings for the dispersal of the Templars. It turns out that the site was being prepared for 475 years? The first Jews appeared in Masonic lodges only in the middle of the 18th century, and during the 19th century, the theory of the Jewish Masonic conspiracy began to form in the public consciousness. At the end of the same century, this story, having completely taken shape, due to rumors, corresponding literary books on this topic, came to Russia. The theory says that even under Solomon, the Jewish sages made a secret conspiracy against all of humanity, but the protocols were naturally stolen, falling into the hands of the world community. However, the very origin of the texts is very strange. First, they are written in French, and secondly, Solomon allegedly plans to destroy Christianity, seize industry and mine cities. The author did not bother to compare the texts with the vocabulary and worldview of the Jews of that time. But the style of the Protocols is very reminiscent of Gedsche's novel "Biaritz". The terminology of Freemasonry used in the documents immediately alerted the authorities, who decided that there was a close connection between Jews and Freemasons. Masons really relied on the Old Testament, but in its modern form it was a completely Christian institution, so talk about Jewish Masons can only be explained by the paranoia of those who are looking for conspiracies everywhere. It is interesting that when in 1903 the writer Nilus presented the Protocols to Nicholas II as evidence of the conspiracy, the tsar declared that it was a fake, destroyed the document, and drove out the scoundrel. However, over time, the government had to return to the documents, examining the possibility of using them against the Jewish revolutionaries. The conclusion of the commission led by Stolypin was unambiguous - a fake! Subsequently, despite the decision of the Berne court on the forgery of the document, the Protocols were used by the Nazis in their propaganda.

There is a Masonic Order of Skull and Bones, which includes American presidents. At the end of the 20th century, a scandal erupted when it became known that George W. Bush, and before him and other US presidents, was a member of the secret society Skull and Bones. Immediately attracted by a frivolous name, more suitable for a children's circle, and not a community of influential people. It turned out that Skull and Bones is just one of the many fraternities of Yale University. The university itself appeared in 1801, and the brotherhood arose in 1832 in the likeness of German student associations. The name of the order, like its emblem, appeared much later, by the way, "Skull and Bones" is a completely official organization, which even has a bank account. In total, there were no more than 800 people in the order for more than a century and a half. The first Jew appeared there only in 1968. Little is known about the rituals of the order, due to the closed nature of the organization. There are indeed three presidents, bankers, cultural figures, lawyers among the club's graduates. But this can be explained simply - the children of the elite traditionally study at Yale, it is not surprising that they subsequently make a good career. Skull and Bones can hardly be said to rule the United States, as the student body is mainly concerned with the entertainment of the members themselves, sometimes indulging in the digging of bones. Of course, brothers in society help each other, but this custom is inherent in other student associations. Usually, the university leadership is usually neutral towards such associations, although many are unfriendly - after all, instead of studying, students are engaged in extraneous matters. Having studied the rituals of the brotherhoods, it can be assumed that their entourage "Skull and Bones" was largely borrowed from the German Masonic order "Black Brothers". But to consider "Skull and Bones" a Masonic organization, in no case is it possible. The American brotherhood only copied the German one, which, in turn, copied the Masonic orders. If we talk about the secret societies that rule the country, why not think of the "Bohemian Grove" which includes the richest people in the United States, and membership costs $ 12,000 a year. Although talk about business in the club is prohibited, and rituals, including those based on Masonic ones, are increasingly parodic and comic. By the way, student associations existed quite successfully in the former USSR, many of which successfully realized themselves in KVN.

The policy of Israel and the United States is determined by the Freemasons. It is believed that the United States was created by Freemasons on the same principles. Allegedly, everywhere in the symbolism there is the number 13, which is the symbol of Satan. However, the concept of "the 13th tribe of Israel", which the Freemasons are considered to be, simply does not exist. And the number 13 itself is considered auspicious in Kabbalah. They say that the width of bills in the United States is 66.6 mm, but in fact it is 0.4 mm narrower. But let's see how much Freemasonry influences US policy. One of the fathers of the American state is Benjamin Franklin, who was truly a Freemason. George Washington also belonged to this organization. All 15 great generals of the War of Independence were also Masons, no wonder that the first presidents were also members of the lodges. The most Masonic president was Harry Truman, who passed all the degrees of several statutes, was the leader of the "Red Cross of Constantine", one of the intra-Masonic orders. Bush Sr. was also a Freemason, but his son did not join the lodge, saying that he did not understand the need for such an act. Clinton also did not become a full-fledged Freemason. Consider the structure of Freemasonry in the United States. Each state has its own Grand Lodge, and they are not subordinate to each other. Sometimes collegia are convened to resolve common disagreements. So it is impossible for the lodge of any state to influence the general American government and even more so on world politics. Usually the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission and the Bildelberg Club are called the instruments of influence of Freemasonry on world politics. The Council on Foreign Relations was founded in 1921 and is currently funded by large corporations. It includes about 4,200 members who, behind closed doors, develop a concept of the state's foreign policy. There is nothing Masonic in it, moreover, it became known that Madeleine Albright is a member of the Council, and a woman cannot be present at all in Masonic structures! The Trilateral Commission brings together representatives of the United States, Europe and Asia (represented by Japan and South Korea). The organization includes the largest bankers and industrialists, its purpose is to discuss world problems. But what kind of Masons can there be in Japan? The Bilderberg Club was founded in 1954, bringing together the European and American political and economic elite. Although the meetings are held in secrecy, it is impossible to completely hide the concentration of so many bigwigs in one place, so the world community always follows the club with interest. In fact, this organization is not an executive board; every decision later goes through the G8 meetings, through the IMF or the World Bank. To argue that the Bilderberg Club was built like a lodge is ridiculous, since its structure does not at all coincide with the Masonic one. As for Israel, we can say that Freemasonry in this country arose only at the end of the 19th century, it is recognized today only in the English Lodge. Today in Israel there are no more than three thousand Freemasons, and only half of them are actively active, and besides, none of the prominent politicians in the lodges was noted. Local "bricklayers" do not participate in politics and do not exert any influence on either the external or internal course of the state. It is interesting that politicians in Latin American countries, as in the United States, many politicians are members of Masonic lodges, but even there secret organizations do not play any role in the country's political life.

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