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Otoplasty is a type of plastic surgery that helps to eliminate congenital or acquired (for example, as a result of injury or illness) deformity of the auricles (most often, through this operation, they get rid of "protruding ears"). Otoplasty is performed under local anesthesia for an hour, the stitches are removed after two weeks. In the postoperative period, swelling and redness of the auricles are possible, but they quickly disappear. How beneficial or unhealthy is otoplasty? Is it worth believing everything that talkative neighbors and friends tell about her? Let's try to find answers to these questions and, along the way, debunk the most famous myths about otoplasty.
If the ear has been completely lost, it cannot be restored. No, this is possible, but you will have to resort to the services of reconstructive surgery, since this operation is associated with a skin graft and the subsequent formation of the auricle. Such restoration will take place in stages, that is, several operations will be performed, separated by a certain period of time.
After otoplasty, rehabilitation is long and painful. Of course, as after any surgical intervention, edema occurs after otoplasty, but since blood loss is minimal during this operation, the edema is very small. During the rehabilitation period, severe pain is usually not observed. To speed up the recovery process, the patient will have to wear a fixation bandage and take physiotherapy procedures for five to seven days.
No scars are formed after otoplasty. Unfortunately, this is not entirely true. The auricles (as well as the area of the shoulder joint, sternum, neck) are at risk for the formation of keloid scars, and the doctor cannot predict with confidence whether they will appear in a given patient or not. After all, the tendency to the occurrence of keloid scars is purely individual, their appearance can be predicted only by indirect data (if such scars are already on the patient's body).
Classical otoplasty is accompanied by large blood loss, but laser surgery is almost bloodless. This operation, both laser and classical, is not accompanied by a large loss of blood, since there are very few blood vessels in the affected area.
Classic and laser otoplasty are absolutely identical. No, it’s not. Laser otoplasty allows, in the process of forming a new curl of the auricle, to more accurately produce cartilage plastic.
There are nerve endings and biologically active points in the auricles, which can be damaged during the operation. This will negatively affect the patient's health. This statement is incorrect. Important nerve nodes in the area to be corrected are missing. Therefore, otoplasty (in the event that the operation was successful and there were no complications) does not in any way affect the state of human health.
Correction of lop-earedness for children cannot be carried out. In fact, this operation can be performed if the child has reached the age of six. After all, it is then that the cartilage is very plastic, which makes it quite easy to correct the shape of the ear.
After correcting the hearing loss, the child's hearing may deteriorate. It's a delusion. After all, this operation does not affect the structures that perceive and transmit sound (the system of the inner ear, analyzers of the auditory centers of the brain), therefore, it has no effect on the patient's hearing.
For a long time after the operation, the ears become numb, and they can also change color. To remove these effects, you will have to undergo an additional course of treatment. Indeed, after correction of lop-earedness, hyperemia of the skin of the auricle and a decrease in skin sensitivity may occur. The fact is that during the operation, the skin of the posterior surface of the auricle is dissected and exfoliated from the cartilage. As a result, in this area, the innervation of the skin is disturbed, sensitivity decreases, and congestive hyperemia develops. However, such phenomena disappear after a month or two, no additional treatment is required.