Grigory Efimovich Rasputin

Grigory Efimovich Rasputin

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This personality played an important role in the history of Russia. Legends and anecdotes are written about him, historical and not so films are made, they are endowed with supernatural qualities, including sexual power.

Thanks to his friendship with the family of the last Russian tsar, the simple peasant gained worldwide fame. Rasputin's fame was ambiguous, he was admired and worshiped, but he was also cursed, considering him a harbinger of the fall of the tsarist regime.

It is no coincidence that such a bright figure interfered with many, which became the reason for the murder of the elder. Who was he really? A saint or a crook? Let's try to find out by debunking some of the myths about Grigory Rasputin.

Rasputin was born in 1864 (1865). Very contradictory data about the year of birth of Grigory Efimovich. Historians agree that he was born between 1864 and 1872. The third edition of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia considers that it was 1864-1865. In fact, the birth registers of the village of Pokrovskoye, where Rasputin was born, have been preserved. The years 1862-1868 just survived. The birth of several children at Efim Yakovlevich was recorded. During this period, they all died in infancy. But nothing has been written about the birth of Gregory. But in the records of the All-Russian census for 1897 there is a mention of him. Grigory Efimovich indicated that he is 28 years old, which can be trusted. Thus, Rasputin was born in 1869.

Rasputin had a powerful physique. The fact that Rasputin was a strong and healthy man is a myth. He was a man of short stature, physically not very strong and sickly in his youth. In 1980, the film "Agony" was shown in Pokrovskoye, but the old men who remembered Rasputin said that the main character did not look like his prototype. He was not at all so big and terrible, but rather even frail, pale, with sunken eyes and an exhausted look. Rasputin's description is preserved in police documents. The elder had an average physique, an oblong face, a moderate nose, a beard all round, and the general type was native Russian. It is often written that Rasputin's height was 187-193 centimeters, but this cannot be true.

Rasputin is a non-native surname. When Rasputin had just begun to enter the court, they began to say that his surname was a pseudonym that reveals the behavior of this person. They even called the "true" surname of the elder - Vilkin. In fact, in the registers of births of the village of Pokrovskoye, this name is found quite often. In general, seven families with such a surname lived in it. In Siberia, this surname is generally common, derived from the word "crossroads" (fork, crossroads). Those who lived in such places were called Rasputins, which later transformed into Rasputins. In 1862, rural records recorded the marriage of the peasant Efim Yakovlevich Rasputin and Anna Vasilievna Parshukova, the future parents of Grigory.

Rasputin did not even remember his family in his love affairs. Contemporaries noted that the elder did not forget about his wife, sincerely loving her. Rasputin got married at the age of eighteen. Of the seven children born, only three survived. Family life began happily, but after the death of the firstborn, Gregory changed. He understood this as a terrible sign of God's wrath in response to a lack of faith. Having already gained his influence, Rasputin moved his daughters to St. Petersburg to give them a good education. His wife visited him in the capital once a year, calmly reacting to gossip about her husband and not making him scandals. It was rumored that Praskovya once even pulled one of her husband's mistresses out of her house by the hair. However, during the interrogation of Lokhtina, who became the central figure of the scandal, the following became clear. His wife really pulled the guest by the hair, but only in response to accusations of greed. So there was no question of jealousy.

Rasputin was fabulously rich. Those who claim Rasputin's power over the tsar, and therefore over the entire country, make a logical conclusion that the elder had fabulous wealth. And this seems logical given the fact that very wealthy clients turned to him with personal requests. As a token of gratitude, they left significant sums. But the creators of this myth bypass the question of whether Rasputin appropriated all this money for himself. Some of them he really spent on himself. The elder built himself a two-story house in his village and bought an expensive fur coat. However, compared to those mansions that the modern elite are building today, his house in the village of Pokrovskoye looks very modest. And Rasputin never had his own housing in the capital. Even the apartment on Gorokhovaya Street was not his property, but was rented by his fans. So where did all the rest of the money go? The special services checked Rasputin's bank accounts and found no significant funds there. But the fact that he spent serious sums on charity is a fact. Rasputin allocated a lot of personal funds for the construction of churches. After the death of the "wealthy" elder, his family for some reason began to live in poverty. Could this have happened to such a rich man?

Rasputin was a member of the horse thief gang. This is one of the first myths that appeared after the appearance of the elder in St. Petersburg. They said that it was horse stealing that became the beginning of a man's labor activity. However, there is essentially no evidence of such an accusation. The myth appeared thanks to the words of a fellow villager Rasputin, Kartavtsev, spoken in a private conversation. He claimed that he somehow saw the theft of his horses; among the intruders, he saw Rasputin. But the criminals were caught by the police, and the village gathering was sentenced to various punishments. For some reason, Grigory Efimovich escaped this punishment. And if you think that he somehow could persuade the policeman, then he certainly could not get away from the reprisal of neighbors if he was guilty. And the testimony of Kartavtsev suffers from a lack of logic. Why did the owner calmly watch as his property was stolen and did not stop the criminals? If Rasputin were really a thief, he would have lost the respect of his fellow villagers. But it is known that they venerated him for the rest of their lives. Most likely, Rasputin's personal enemy simply made up his testimony, which was immediately picked up by the press, eager for a sensation. In 1915, a Siberian newspaper tried to revive this rumor. Then Rasputin personally turned to the editor and asked for facts to support this information. And the newspaper was unable to find anything, which is also remarkable.

Rasputin was a sectarian. It was said that Rasputin was a member of the notorious Khlyst sect. Her fans believed that they could be saved with the help of self-flagellation and dumping sin, that is, orgies. Indeed, for a long time such associations operated illegally in the Russian Empire. The Khlysty, disguised as true Christians, sinned in such a way that they had nothing to do with ordinary Orthodoxy. It was just that someone really wanted to show that the spiritual mentor of the royal family was a member of an immoral and pseudo-religious society. Only Rasputin did not deserve such fame. This is evidenced by the results of a special investigation conducted in 1903-1912 by the Tobolsk Spiritual Consistory. The investigators did a very big job, interviewing Rasputin's fellow villagers, studying his life. All the old man's acquaintances said that he was an honest and deeply religious person who actively preaches and is not involved in sectarianism in any way. And although it was said that Rasputin indulges in pleasures with fans in the bath, this myth has also not been proven. Although it quickly became clear that Rasputin's affiliation with the Khlystites was a fiction, the Tobolsk Archbishop Eusebius insisted on a second investigation. The agents were constantly monitoring Grigory Efimovich, but this did not give any information about his connections with the sect. As a result, on November 29, 1912, the consistory decided to close the case of the Khlysty peasant Grigory Rasputin, finding him completely innocent.

Rasputin was a notable rowdy. This myth appeared in 1915, when General Dzhunkovsky, the head of one of the special services, showed the tsar a note. It said that in March of the same year, Rasputin in the Moscow restaurant "Yar" made a uniform brawl. It was said that Grigory Efimovich behaved obscenely: he drank a lot, pestered the ladies with obscene proposals and even pulled down his pants. The king, knowing the nature of his mentor, did not believe the slander and instructed his adjutant Sablin to investigate the incident. The officer turned to Dzhunkovsky with a request to give him written testimonies from those persons who were in the restaurant that evening. And then it turned out that these documents simply do not exist. Sablin could not find eyewitnesses to those outrages. But there were people who showed that Rasputin behaved very decently in the institution that evening.

Rasputin was the de facto ruler of Russia. In those years, many cartoons were published on Rasputin. One of them portrayed him as a giant, who held in his fist the little Tsar Nicholas II. Today, a myth is very popular according to which the last years of the existence of the Russian Empire it was Rasputin who ruled it. But a study of the facts suggests that this is far from the case. For example, with the outbreak of World War I, Rasputin sent the tsar as many as 15 telegrams, urging to prevent Russia from entering the conflict. But the king did not agree with this opinion, having entered the world massacre. Earlier, in 1911, Rasputin urged the tsar not to take Stolypin with him to Kiev. Grigory Efimovich believed that the minister was in mortal danger. But Nikolai rejected this advice, which cost the famous reformer his life. There are many examples of the fact that the tsar did not give the portfolios of ministers to those people whom Rasputin recommended. And Nikolai ignored his views on the conduct of the war. For example, he did not attack in the Riga region and did not stop the offensive near Kovel. It becomes clear that it was the Russian emperor who ruled the country, having a decisive and sole voice in deciding important state issues. Rasputin was allowed to simply advise sometimes.

Rasputin was the lover of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. What really happened in the bedroom of the crowned ones is difficult to find out. In fact, there is no reliable data that such different people were connected by something other than religiosity. The rumor about the tsarina's obscene behavior was launched with a completely obvious meaning - to defame Nicholas and his family. Already in our time, the group "Boney M" in their song turned to the myth, directly singing: "Rasputin is the lover of the Russian queen." The methods of communication between Rasputin and his admirers did not imply intercourse itself. The elder caressed the women, bringing them to a trembling state. Then he stopped petting and called for prayer to forgive the sin of voluptuousness. It is likely that Rasputin had such a form of intimate friendship with Alexandra Fedorovna and her best friend, the maid of honor Anna Vyrubova. But there is counter-evidence to this myth - the adventurer Nadezhda Voskoboinikova worked as a maid for Vyrubova. She set herself a goal: to find sensational evidence of Rasputin's love affair with the queen. The maid began to constantly spy on and eavesdrop on the "lovers", but could not find anything. Even Voskoboynikova was forced to openly admit that there was no physical closeness between Alexandra Fedorovna and Rasputin.

The heir to the throne, Alexei Nikolaevich, was the son of Rasputin. The myth of the empress's love affair gave rise to this one. But not only were there no facts about Alexandra Fedorovna's betrayal with Rasputin, she simply could not give birth to a son from him. The fact is that Alexei Nikolaevich was born in the summer of 1904, and the empress met the elder only in the fall of 1905.

Rasputin was a holy man who suffered for his faith. Even if we leave aside rumors and myths about the oddities in Rasputin's sexual behavior, as well as his drunkenness, his participation in the appointment of ministers is a historical fact. Naturally, the elder did this to please certain circles and not disinterestedly. There is evidence that Rasputin was involved in theft in the army and even espionage. For example, the appointment of Dobrovolsky as Minister of Justice personally brought Grigory Efimovich one hundred thousand rubles. And thanks to the adventurer Manasevich-Manuilov, the Germans were able to find out military secrets from Rasputin. The elder did not suffer for his faith. Both the right and the left dreamed of removing him - Rasputin had a painfully strong and unlimited influence on the tsar.

Rasputin was a lecher. This myth is constantly replicated in various stories about Rasputin. There are many facts that seem to support this myth. So, Maria Vishnyakova worked as a teacher of children. She was among the admirers of Pokrovskoye, stating later that Rasputin had raped her at night. Only that day there were many guests in the house, and no one heard the screams. And even to Nicholas II himself, the teacher could not confirm this fact, being dismissed for slander. Another victim, nun Ksenia Goncharenkova, claimed that she was seriously and permanently seduced by the elder. But the investigation showed that the woman did not even personally know Rasputin, having seen him only a couple of times from afar. They wrote that Rasputin's mistress was the maid of honor Anna Vyrubova. But in reality they were connected by pure and disinterested friendship. After the February Revolution, Vyrubova underwent a medical examination, which showed that the "victim of debauchery" was actually a virgin! Interestingly, after the overthrow of the autocracy, the Provisional Government created a special commission, which was supposed to bring the figures of the recent past to the surface, including Rasputin. In particular, the goal was to find out the veracity of the information stated about the elder in the book of Iliodor "Holy Devil". However, the commission found out that no victims of sexual debauchery still exist, scandalous letters simply do not exist. For the sake of fairness, it should be said that Rasputin nevertheless contacted prostitutes. He admitted to his friend, businessman Filippov, that he loves to look at a naked female body. But at the same time, Rasputin did not undertake any sexual actions. Information about this was included in the police reports. One of the priestesses of love said that Rasputin, who had come to her, asked to undress, looked for several minutes and went home. That's all the debauchery attributed to this extraordinary personality.

Rasputin was a sex giant. Today the myth is fashionable that Rasputin not only had many mistresses, but also suffered from priapism, experiencing a painfully long erection. However, psychiatrists who studied Rasputin's personality came to the conclusion that he was a hysterical type of person, whose sexual abilities were very modest. Most likely, the old man had a weak potency, and his hypersexuality was feigned. Such unbridled behavior in this regard allowed him to hide his own inferiority.

A member of Rasputin is kept in St. Petersburg.The country's only museum of erotica contains a 30-centimeter giant penis. The organizer of the institution, urologist Igor Knyazkin claims that this organ belonged to Rasputin himself. He tells the story of how he bought a penis from private collectors. Along with this part of the body were old photographs and letters. In fact, there is no evidence that the organ really belonged to the great old man. Knyazkin conducted an examination, which showed that the huge penis is indeed more than 80 years old. But Rasputin's own DNA has not survived, so there is simply nothing to compare with. Nevertheless, the beautiful myth has taken root, which brings the owner of the "treasure" material income in the form of curious visitors.

Rasputin was a German spy. The Russian army was oppressed by defeats, so the culprit of all troubles was required. This is how the myths about Rasputin the spy appeared, to whom the German queen tells all the secrets, and he sells them to enemy intelligence. This question also interested the courtiers, who did not hesitate to follow the queen and even read her letters. But even people neutral to Rasputin believed that he was simply blurting out military secrets. Later, during the investigation, the maid of honor Vyrubova said that the tsar's secret map was in his locked office, where even children were not allowed. In the family circle, Nikolai never spoke about military affairs. But from the letters of the Empress it follows that she was aware of the military strategy of the Russian army, trusting this to her Friend. So Rasputin knew secrets and could well become an involuntary spy, since there were secret German agents in his entourage.

Rasputin was a charlatan. The other extreme is to call Grigory Efimovich a saint. So who was he really? You just need to look at the facts of his activities. Rasputin turned out to be the man who helped the heir to Alexei in his fight against hemophilia. After Rasputin's treatment, the boy recovered noticeably. There is no doubt that the elder possessed a powerful hypnotic gift, literally programming people to recover, to change their lives. It is no coincidence that those who wanted to communicate with him and be healed constantly came and went to Rasputin. Even if you question the divine basis of the elder's influence, then you cannot avoid his talents of mental influence. He was definitely not a charlatan, he was a talented, bright and controversial person, by the will of historical events and fate, discredited by many myths.

Watch the video: 10 Facts About the Mad Monk Grigori Rasputin (August 2022).